Global Optical Transceiver Market 2018 - by Manufacturers, Regions, Type, Application, Sales, Revenue, and Forecast to 2025

  • This report studies the global Optical Transceiver market status and forecast, categorizes the global Optical Transceiver market size (value & volume) by manufacturers, type, application, and region. This report focuses on the top manufacturers in North America, Europe, Japan, China, India, Southeast Asia and other regions (Central & South America, and Middle East & Africa).
    
    An optical transceiver is a device that uses fiber optical technology to send and receive data. The transceiver has electronic components to condition and encode/decode data into light pulses and then send them to the other end as electrical signals. To send data as light, it makes use of a light source, which is controlled by the electronic parts, and to receive light pulses, it makes use of a photodiode semiconductor.
    Optical transceivers are a preferred choice because they offer higher bandwidth over long distance. Along with this, it also provides data security. Optical transceivers are easier to install and eliminate the risk of electric sparks.
    The global Optical Transceiver market is valued at xx million US$ in 2017 and will reach xx million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of xx% during 2018-2025.
    
    The major manufacturers covered in this report
        Finisar
        Lumentum
        Accelink Technologies 
        Oclaro 
        Sumitomo Electric Industries
        Foxconn Electronics
        Neophotonics
        Fujitsu Optical Components
        Reflex Photonics
        Source Photonics
    
    Geographically, this report studies the top producers and consumers, focuses on product capacity, production, value, consumption, market share and growth opportunity in these key regions, covering
        North America
        Europe
        China
        Japan
        India
        Southeast Asia
        Other regions (Central & South America, Middle East & Africa)
    
    We can also provide the customized separate regional or country-level reports, for the following regions:
        North America
            United States
            Canada
            Mexico
        Asia-Pacific
            China
            India
            Japan
            South Korea
            Australia
            Indonesia
            Singapore
            Rest of Asia-Pacific
        Europe
            Germany
            France
            UK
            Italy
            Spain
            Russia
            Rest of Europe
        Central & South America
            Brazil
            Argentina
            Rest of South America
        Middle East & Africa
            Saudi Arabia
            Turkey
            Rest of Middle East & Africa
    
    On the basis of product, this report displays the production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into
        by Form Factor
            SFF
            SFP
            QSFP
            CFP
            XFP
            CXP
        by Wavelength
            850nm
            1310nm
            1550nm
    
    By Application, the market can be split into
        Telecom
        Data Center
        Enterprise
    
    The study objectives of this report are:
        To analyze and study the global Optical Transceiver capacity, production, value, consumption, status (2013-2017) and forecast (2018-2025);
        Focuses on the key Optical Transceiver manufacturers, to study the capacity, production, value, market share and development plans in future.
        Focuses on the global key manufacturers, to define, describe and analyze the market competition landscape, SWOT analysis.
        To define, describe and forecast the market by type, application and region.
        To analyze the global and key regions market potential and advantage, opportunity and challenge, restraints and risks.
        To identify significant trends and factors driving or inhibiting the market growth.
        To analyze the opportunities in the market for stakeholders by identifying the high growth segments.
        To strategically analyze each submarket with respect to individual growth trend and their contribution to the market.
        To analyze competitive developments such as expansions, agreements, new product launches, and acquisitions in the market.
        To strategically profile the key players and comprehensively analyze their growth strategies.
    
    In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of Optical Transceiver are as follows:
        History Year: 2013-2017
        Base Year: 2017
        Estimated Year: 2018
        Forecast Year 2018 to 2025
    
    For the data information by region, company, type and application, 2017 is considered as the base year. Whenever data information was unavailable for the base year, the prior year has been considered.
    
    Key Stakeholders
    Optical Transceiver Manufacturers
    Optical Transceiver Distributors/Traders/Wholesalers
    Optical Transceiver Subcomponent Manufacturers
    Industry Association
    Downstream Vendors
    
    Available Customizations
    With the given market data, QYResearch offers customizations according to the company's specific needs. The following customization options are available for the report:
    Regional and country-level analysis of the Optical Transceiver market, by end-use.
    Detailed analysis and profiles of additional market players.
  • 
    Global Optical Transceiver Market Professional Survey Report 2018
    1 Industry Overview of Optical Transceiver
        1.1 Definition and Specifications of Optical Transceiver
            1.1.1 Definition of Optical Transceiver
            1.1.2 Specifications of Optical Transceiver
        1.2 Classification of Optical Transceiver
            1.2.1 SFF
            1.2.2 SFP
            1.2.3 QSFP
            1.2.4 CFP
            1.2.5 XFP
            1.2.6 CXP
        1.3 Applications of Optical Transceiver
            1.3.1 Telecom
            1.3.2 Data Center
            1.3.3 Enterprise
        1.4 Market Segment by Regions
            1.4.1 North America
            1.4.2 Europe
            1.4.3 China
            1.4.4 Japan
            1.4.5 Southeast Asia
            1.4.6 India
    
    2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Optical Transceiver
        2.1 Raw Material and Suppliers
        2.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Optical Transceiver
        2.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Optical Transceiver
        2.4 Industry Chain Structure of Optical Transceiver
    
    3 Technical Data and Manufacturing Plants Analysis of Optical Transceiver
        3.1 Capacity and Commercial Production Date of Global Optical Transceiver Major Manufacturers in 2017
        3.2 Manufacturing Plants Distribution of Global Optical Transceiver Major Manufacturers in 2017
        3.3 R&D Status and Technology Source of Global Optical Transceiver Major Manufacturers in 2017
        3.4 Raw Materials Sources Analysis of Global Optical Transceiver Major Manufacturers in 2017
    
    4 Global Optical Transceiver Overall Market Overview
        4.1 2013-2018E Overall Market Analysis
        4.2 Capacity Analysis
            4.2.1 2013-2018E Global Optical Transceiver Capacity and Growth Rate Analysis
            4.2.2 2017 Optical Transceiver Capacity Analysis (Company Segment)
        4.3 Sales Analysis
            4.3.1 2013-2018E Global Optical Transceiver Sales and Growth Rate Analysis
            4.3.2 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales Analysis (Company Segment)
        4.4 Sales Price Analysis
            4.4.1 2013-2018E Global Optical Transceiver Sales Price
            4.4.2 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales Price Analysis (Company Segment)
    
    5 Optical Transceiver Regional Market Analysis
        5.1 North America Optical Transceiver Market Analysis
            5.1.1 North America Optical Transceiver Market Overview
            5.1.2 North America 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis
            5.1.3 North America 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price Analysis
            5.1.4 North America 2017 Optical Transceiver Market Share Analysis
        5.2 Europe Optical Transceiver Market Analysis
            5.2.1 Europe Optical Transceiver Market Overview
            5.2.2 Europe 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis
            5.2.3 Europe 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price Analysis
            5.2.4 Europe 2017 Optical Transceiver Market Share Analysis
        5.3 China Optical Transceiver Market Analysis
            5.3.1 China Optical Transceiver Market Overview
            5.3.2 China 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis
            5.3.3 China 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price Analysis
            5.3.4 China 2017 Optical Transceiver Market Share Analysis
        5.4 Japan Optical Transceiver Market Analysis
            5.4.1 Japan Optical Transceiver Market Overview
            5.4.2 Japan 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis
            5.4.3 Japan 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price Analysis
            5.4.4 Japan 2017 Optical Transceiver Market Share Analysis
        5.5 Southeast Asia Optical Transceiver Market Analysis
            5.5.1 Southeast Asia Optical Transceiver Market Overview
            5.5.2 Southeast Asia 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis
            5.5.3 Southeast Asia 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price Analysis
            5.5.4 Southeast Asia 2017 Optical Transceiver Market Share Analysis
        5.6 India Optical Transceiver Market Analysis
            5.6.1 India Optical Transceiver Market Overview
            5.6.2 India 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Local Supply, Import, Export, Local Consumption Analysis
            5.6.3 India 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price Analysis
            5.6.4 India 2017 Optical Transceiver Market Share Analysis
    
    6 Global 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Segment Market Analysis (by Type)
        6.1 Global 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales by Type
        6.2 Different Types of Optical Transceiver Product Interview Price Analysis
        6.3 Different Types of Optical Transceiver Product Driving Factors Analysis
            6.3.1 SFF Growth Driving Factor Analysis
            6.3.2 SFP Growth Driving Factor Analysis
            6.3.3 QSFP Growth Driving Factor Analysis
            6.3.4 CFP Growth Driving Factor Analysis
            6.3.5 XFP Growth Driving Factor Analysis
            6.3.6 CXP Growth Driving Factor Analysis
    
    7 Global 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Segment Market Analysis (by Application)
        7.1 Global 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Consumption by Application
        7.2 Different Application of Optical Transceiver Product Interview Price Analysis
        7.3 Different Application of Optical Transceiver Product Driving Factors Analysis
            7.3.1 Telecom of Optical Transceiver Growth Driving Factor Analysis
            7.3.2 Data Center of Optical Transceiver Growth Driving Factor Analysis
            7.3.3 Enterprise of Optical Transceiver Growth Driving Factor Analysis
    
    8 Major Manufacturers Analysis of Optical Transceiver
        8.1 Finisar
            8.1.1 Company Profile
            8.1.2 Product Picture and Specifications
                8.1.2.1 Product A
                8.1.2.2 Product B
            8.1.3 Finisar 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis
            8.1.4 Finisar 2017 Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution Analysis
        8.2 Lumentum
            8.2.1 Company Profile
            8.2.2 Product Picture and Specifications
                8.2.2.1 Product A
                8.2.2.2 Product B
            8.2.3 Lumentum 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis
            8.2.4 Lumentum 2017 Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution Analysis
        8.3 Accelink Technologies 
            8.3.1 Company Profile
            8.3.2 Product Picture and Specifications
                8.3.2.1 Product A
                8.3.2.2 Product B
            8.3.3 Accelink Technologies  2017 Optical Transceiver Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis
            8.3.4 Accelink Technologies  2017 Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution Analysis
        8.4 Oclaro 
            8.4.1 Company Profile
            8.4.2 Product Picture and Specifications
                8.4.2.1 Product A
                8.4.2.2 Product B
            8.4.3 Oclaro  2017 Optical Transceiver Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis
            8.4.4 Oclaro  2017 Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution Analysis
        8.5 Sumitomo Electric Industries
            8.5.1 Company Profile
            8.5.2 Product Picture and Specifications
                8.5.2.1 Product A
                8.5.2.2 Product B
            8.5.3 Sumitomo Electric Industries 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis
            8.5.4 Sumitomo Electric Industries 2017 Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution Analysis
        8.6 Foxconn Electronics
            8.6.1 Company Profile
            8.6.2 Product Picture and Specifications
                8.6.2.1 Product A
                8.6.2.2 Product B
            8.6.3 Foxconn Electronics 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis
            8.6.4 Foxconn Electronics 2017 Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution Analysis
        8.7 Neophotonics
            8.7.1 Company Profile
            8.7.2 Product Picture and Specifications
                8.7.2.1 Product A
                8.7.2.2 Product B
            8.7.3 Neophotonics 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis
            8.7.4 Neophotonics 2017 Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution Analysis
        8.8 Fujitsu Optical Components
            8.8.1 Company Profile
            8.8.2 Product Picture and Specifications
                8.8.2.1 Product A
                8.8.2.2 Product B
            8.8.3 Fujitsu Optical Components 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis
            8.8.4 Fujitsu Optical Components 2017 Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution Analysis
        8.9 Reflex Photonics
            8.9.1 Company Profile
            8.9.2 Product Picture and Specifications
                8.9.2.1 Product A
                8.9.2.2 Product B
            8.9.3 Reflex Photonics 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis
            8.9.4 Reflex Photonics 2017 Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution Analysis
        8.10 Source Photonics
            8.10.1 Company Profile
            8.10.2 Product Picture and Specifications
                8.10.2.1 Product A
                8.10.2.2 Product B
            8.10.3 Source Photonics 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales, Ex-factory Price, Revenue, Gross Margin Analysis
            8.10.4 Source Photonics 2017 Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution Analysis
    
    9 Development Trend of Analysis of Optical Transceiver Market
        9.1 Global Optical Transceiver Market Trend Analysis
            9.1.1 Global 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Market Size (Volume and Value) Forecast
            9.1.2 Global 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Sales Price Forecast
        9.2 Optical Transceiver Regional Market Trend
            9.2.1 North America 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Forecast
            9.2.2 Europe 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Forecast
            9.2.3 China 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Forecast
            9.2.4 Japan 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Forecast
            9.2.5 Southeast Asia 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Forecast
            9.2.6 India 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Forecast
        9.3 Optical Transceiver Market Trend (Product Type)
        9.4 Optical Transceiver Market Trend (Application)
    
    10 Optical Transceiver Marketing Type Analysis
        10.1 Optical Transceiver Regional Marketing Type Analysis
        10.2 Optical Transceiver International Trade Type Analysis
        10.3 Traders or Distributors with Contact Information of Optical Transceiver by Region
        10.4 Optical Transceiver Supply Chain Analysis
    
    11 Consumers Analysis of Optical Transceiver
        11.1 Consumer 1 Analysis
        11.2 Consumer 2 Analysis
        11.3 Consumer 3 Analysis
        11.4 Consumer 4 Analysis
    
    12 Conclusion of the Global Optical Transceiver Market Professional Survey Report 2017
        Methodology
        Analyst Introduction
        Data Source



    List of Tables and Figures
        Figure Picture of Optical Transceiver
        Table Product Specifications of Optical Transceiver
        Table Classification of Optical Transceiver
        Figure Global Production Market Share of Optical Transceiver by Type in 2017
        Figure SFF Picture
        Table Major Manufacturers of SFF
        Figure SFP Picture
        Table Major Manufacturers of SFP
        Figure QSFP Picture
        Table Major Manufacturers of QSFP
        Figure CFP Picture
        Table Major Manufacturers of CFP
        Figure XFP Picture
        Table Major Manufacturers of XFP
        Figure CXP Picture
        Table Major Manufacturers of CXP
        Table Applications of Optical Transceiver
        Figure Global Consumption Volume Market Share of Optical Transceiver by Application in 2017
        Figure Telecom Examples
        Table Major Consumers in Telecom
        Figure Data Center Examples
        Table Major Consumers in Data Center
        Figure Enterprise Examples
        Table Major Consumers in Enterprise
        Figure Market Share of Optical Transceiver by Regions
        Figure North America Optical Transceiver Market Size (Million USD) (2013-2025)
        Figure Europe Optical Transceiver Market Size (Million USD) (2013-2025)
        Figure China Optical Transceiver Market Size (Million USD) (2013-2025)
        Figure Japan Optical Transceiver Market Size (Million USD) (2013-2025)
        Figure Southeast Asia Optical Transceiver Market Size (Million USD) (2013-2025)
        Figure India Optical Transceiver Market Size (Million USD) (2013-2025)
        Table Optical Transceiver Raw Material and Suppliers
        Table Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Optical Transceiver in 2017
        Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Optical Transceiver
        Figure Industry Chain Structure of Optical Transceiver
        Table Capacity and Commercial Production Date of Global Optical Transceiver Major Manufacturers in 2017
        Table Manufacturing Plants Distribution of Global Optical Transceiver Major Manufacturers in 2017
        Table R&D Status and Technology Source of Global Optical Transceiver Major Manufacturers in 2017
        Table Raw Materials Sources Analysis of Global Optical Transceiver Major Manufacturers in 2017
        Table Global Capacity, Sales , Price, Cost, Sales Revenue (M USD) and Gross Margin of Optical Transceiver 2013-2018E
        Figure Global 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Market Size (Volume) and Growth Rate
        Figure Global 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Market Size (Value) and Growth Rate
        Table 2013-2018E Global Optical Transceiver Capacity and Growth Rate
        Table 2017 Global Optical Transceiver Capacity (K Pcs) List (Company Segment)
        Table 2013-2018E Global Optical Transceiver Sales (K Pcs) and Growth Rate
        Table 2017 Global Optical Transceiver Sales (K Pcs) List (Company Segment)
        Table 2013-2018E Global Optical Transceiver Sales Price (USD/Pcs)
        Table 2017 Global Optical Transceiver Sales Price (USD/Pcs) List (Company Segment)
        Figure North America Capacity Overview
        Table North America Supply, Import, Export and Consumption (K Pcs) of Optical Transceiver 2013-2018E 
        Figure North America 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure North America 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales Market Share
        Figure Europe Capacity Overview
        Table Europe Supply, Import, Export and Consumption (K Pcs) of Optical Transceiver 2013-2018E 
        Figure Europe 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price (USD/Pcs) 
        Figure Europe 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales Market Share
        Figure China Capacity Overview
        Table China Supply, Import, Export and Consumption (K Pcs) of Optical Transceiver 2013-2018E
        Figure China 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure China 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales Market Share
        Figure Japan Capacity Overview
        Table Japan Supply, Import, Export and Consumption (K Pcs) of Optical Transceiver 2013-2018E
        Figure Japan 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure Japan 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales Market Share
        Figure Southeast Asia Capacity Overview
        Table Southeast Asia Supply, Import, Export and Consumption (K Pcs) of Optical Transceiver 2013-2018E
        Figure Southeast Asia 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure Southeast Asia 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales Market Share
        Figure India Capacity Overview
        Table India Supply, Import, Export and Consumption (K Pcs) of Optical Transceiver 2013-2018E
        Figure India 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure India 2017 Optical Transceiver Sales Market Share
        Table Global 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales (K Pcs) by Type
        Table Different Types Optical Transceiver Product Interview Price
        Table Global 2013-2018E Optical Transceiver Sales (K Pcs) by Application
        Table Different Application Optical Transceiver Product Interview Price
        Table Finisar Information List
        Table Product Overview
        Table 2017 Finisar Optical Transceiver Revenue (Million USD), Sales (K Pcs), Ex-factory Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure 2017 Finisar Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution
        Table Lumentum Information List
        Table Product Overview
        Table 2017 Lumentum Optical Transceiver Revenue (Million USD), Sales (K Pcs), Ex-factory Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure 2017 Lumentum Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution
        Table Accelink Technologies  Information List
        Table Product Overview
        Table 2017 Accelink Technologies  Optical Transceiver Revenue (Million USD), Sales (K Pcs), Ex-factory Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure 2017 Accelink Technologies  Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution
        Table Oclaro  Information List
        Table Product Overview
        Table 2017 Oclaro  Optical Transceiver Revenue (Million USD), Sales (K Pcs), Ex-factory Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure 2017 Oclaro  Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution
        Table Sumitomo Electric Industries Information List
        Table Product Overview
        Table 2017 Sumitomo Electric Industries Optical Transceiver Revenue (Million USD), Sales (K Pcs), Ex-factory Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure 2017 Sumitomo Electric Industries Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution
        Table Foxconn Electronics Information List
        Table Product Overview
        Table 2017 Foxconn Electronics Optical Transceiver Revenue (Million USD), Sales (K Pcs), Ex-factory Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure 2017 Foxconn Electronics Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution
        Table Neophotonics Information List
        Table Product Overview
        Table 2017 Neophotonics Optical Transceiver Revenue (Million USD), Sales (K Pcs), Ex-factory Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure 2017 Neophotonics Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution
        Table Fujitsu Optical Components Information List
        Table Product Overview
        Table 2017 Fujitsu Optical Components Optical Transceiver Revenue (Million USD), Sales (K Pcs), Ex-factory Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure 2017 Fujitsu Optical Components Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution
        Table Reflex Photonics Information List
        Table Product Overview
        Table 2017 Reflex Photonics Optical Transceiver Revenue (Million USD), Sales (K Pcs), Ex-factory Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure 2017 Reflex Photonics Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution
        Table Source Photonics Information List
        Table Product Overview
        Table 2017 Source Photonics Optical Transceiver Revenue (Million USD), Sales (K Pcs), Ex-factory Price (USD/Pcs)
        Figure 2017 Source Photonics Optical Transceiver Business Region Distribution
        Figure Global 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Market Size (K Pcs) and Growth Rate Forecast
        Figure Global 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Market Size (Million USD) and Growth Rate Forecast
        Figure Global 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Sales Price (USD/Pcs) Forecast
        Figure North America 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Volume (K Pcs) and Growth Rate Forecast
        Figure China 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Volume (K Pcs) and Growth Rate Forecast
        Figure Europe 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Volume (K Pcs) and Growth Rate Forecast
        Figure Southeast Asia 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Volume (K Pcs) and Growth Rate Forecast
        Figure Japan 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Volume (K Pcs) and Growth Rate Forecast
        Figure India 2018-2025 Optical Transceiver Consumption Volume (K Pcs) and Growth Rate Forecast
        Table Global Sales Volume (K Pcs) of Optical Transceiver by Type 2018-2025
        Table Global Consumption Volume (K Pcs) of Optical Transceiver by Application 2018-2025
        Table Traders or Distributors with Contact Information of Optical Transceiver by Region